The Pindad Panser Anoa APS (Angkut Personel Sedang) is a 6 x 6 armoured personnel carrier developed by Indonesia. The APS is named after the Anoa, which is a type of buffalo indigenous to Indonesia. The prototype Panser was first unveiled at the 61st anniversary of TNI on October 5, 2006 in TNI HQ at Cilangkap, south of capital Jakarta.It bears a resemblance to the French VAB, being used in the TNI.
The development history of Pindad Panser was started in 2003 as a result of increased military intervention in the Aceh province. During the conflict, the Indonesian Army put forward urgent requirements for an armored personnel carrier for the transport of troops.
PT Pindad responded to this requirement in 2004, with the APR-1V or Angkut Personel Ringan, a 4 x 4 armored vehicle based on a commercial Izuzu truck chassis. 14 vehicles were built by Pindad and were sent to Aceh for evaluation and combat trials. However, the follow-on orders for another 26 vehicles were canceled following the 2004 tsunami.
Pindad continued the APC development program with assistance from the Agency For Assessment and Application of Technology or BPPT in 2005. The next prototype was the APS-1 or Angkut Personel Sedang, a 6 x 6 design that was again based on a commercial Perkasa truck platform by PT Texmaco. Although it was not selected for production, the experience gained in developing the APS-1 convinced the Indonesian Army to give the go-ahead by Pindad to develop the next generation of Panser vehicles, the Panser APS-2 at a production cost of 600 million rupiah or US$60,000 each.
The Panser differed from its predecessors which had been based on commercial truck platforms. Instead, the Panser used a monocoque hull design consisting of steel composites. A new torsion bar suspension system was also developed for the Panser. Currently, the engine and transmission are imported from Renault. Indigenous options are being developed as replacements. The driver sits on the right of the vehicle while the vehicle commander sits on the left.
The baseline vehicle is fitted with a cupola on the left of the vehicle and armed with a 12,7 mm (.50 cal) heavy machine gun or a 40 mm automatic grenade launcher. A fire-support version using a CMI Defence’s CSE-90 turret with the Cockerill 90 mm Mk III was unveiled at Indo Defence & Aerospace 2008, which was announced that the Panser fire-support version would be deployed into the Indonesian Army by 2010.
SOURCE : http://en.wikipedia.org